There are 6 Vietnamese tones: 5 of which correspond to the 5 diacritics and the no-diacritic tone. There is only one triple consonant in Vietnamese which is used commonly in making words and sentences. Vowel-consonant clusters The key to fluent pronunciation in the Vietnamese language is to know how to pronounce all vần (vowel-consonant clusters) in Vietnamese. After mastering vần , you’ll wake up with the ability to pronounce any word and produce any existent sound in Vietnamese. The Vietnamese language, when it was first written down with Roman alphabet (circa early 17th century), sounded quite different from the major dialects today. English Consonant Clusters. * In English, the consonant cluster ng only occurs at the end of a syllable, as in: hang, long, thing. A consonant cluster is where two or more consonants are joined together. Vietnamese has 6 tones, including: TONES. Each syllable carries a tone. Vowels (11): Vietnamese has a relatively complex vowel system which includes five front-central vowels and six back vowels. 4. The chart (see Appendix A) by Tang (2007) lists The glide is a sound that transitions between the consonant(s) of the onset and the vowel(s) of the nucleus. Vietnamese speakers attempting to learn English (Ha, 2005, p. 1). * ngh is always spelled as initial consonant … Some other final consonant clusters such as /kt/ as in walked, / t/ as in washed, / d/ as in judged, and /ld/ as in filled are very difficult for Vietnamese learners to pronounce. The coda is a final consonant cluster. Vietnamese lacks consonant clusters (Avery & Ehrlich, 1992;Honey, 1987) and has a tendency toward open syllables, which may contribute to word ending deletion (Hwa-Froelich et … Learning how to pronounce English words of more than one syllable, including using strong (or stressed) and weak syllables correctly to produce English words. Vietnamese uses no consonant clusters. 3. Vietnamese words follow the structure: 1 optional consonant/consonant cluster + 1 compulsory Vowel/Vowel Cluster + 1 optional consonant/consonant cluster. None. For example “nghe” (to listen) = /ngɛ/ III. Vietnamese does not allow consonant clusters. The Vietnamese language has only six consonants that appear at the end of words, all of which are shared with English (p, t, k, m, n, and ng). You can think of this as a bit like a sound sandwich. However, English has an almost endless list of final consonants and final consonant clusters. The final consonant can only be a voiceless stop or a nasal while any consonant (except p) can be in initial position. It is “ngh” which pronounce the same as “ng” This consonant is always put in the beginning of words and strictly used before (i, e, ê) vowels. Unlike Vietnamese, the English sound system features consonants that are joined together without a vowel in between. The nucleus is a vowel or diphthong. 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