Dicotyledons. (Nyctaginaceae in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB10904. Jørgensen, P. M., Nee, M. H., Beck, S. G., 2014. have the highest numbers of cpSSRs, while American Journal of Botany, 94(5), 856-872. doi: 10.3732/ajb.94.5.856, Fern K, 2014. N/A Assessment Dates. 35-61. Environmental weeds and exotic plants on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. It is commonly used in gardens as hedges or barriers, topiaries, and as ground cover on banks. A global compendium of weeds, (Ed.3) [ed. Detalle de un grupo de 3 flores y sus brácteas. Online database , Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Infrequent watering during periods of dry weather may be required to keep your bougainvillea from wilting; however, it is important to note that bougainvillea reacts to drought stress by flowering. Version 1.1 Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.http://www.theplantlist.org, USDA-ARS, 2018. No known synonyms ... Not a problem species (un-documented) Assessment Status: Complete. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with Local Names and Uses. doi:https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.44033, Stevens, P. F., 2017. Share. virescens (Choisy) J.A.Schmidt http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB10904. Without a support nearby, bougainvillea will spread low and wide, covering the ground around it. Foto n. 113551 - Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) Habit at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Important Types of Nyctaginaceae: 1. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd., 1799: Bougainvillea spectabilis es una planta trepadora de la familia Nyctaginaceae. It prefers moderately fertile, organically rich soil that retains moisture but is not soggy. In: Rapport de mission d'expertise a Rapa Nui du 02 au 11 Juin 2008: Plan d'action strategique pour lutter contre les plantes introduites envahissantes sur Rapa Nui (Ile de paques), Papeete, Tahiti, Government of French Polynesia. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2018. It is commonly used in gardens as hedges or barriers, topiaries, and as ground cover on banks. Difference Between Mandevilla & Bougainvillea. They have very few and fine roots. Bougainvillea is a tropical shrub that grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. can tolerate slightly cooler conditions (58– 64°F) than . Journal of Tropical Life Science. Allertonia, 10, 1-192. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23193787, India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. Bothalia, 41(1), 41-82. http://www.sanbi.org, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. 2: Academic Press.1176 pp. Dictionary of Trees: South America. 1176 pp. 1992. ... Bougainvillea spectabilis and Bougainvillea cv. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. A new tribal classification of Nyctaginaceae. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. by Randall, R. P.]. 8 (2), 192-199. Volume 2, [ed. Habit: Climbing shrub by ; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram ... Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Bougainvillea peruviana Humb. 626 pp. Bougainvillea 'James Walker' - A vigorous evergreen vine with branches that can reach 30 feet long. 3. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species., http://www.griis.org/, Hakim L, Hong SunKee, 2018. Bougainvillea spectabilis. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. In: Flora Mesoamericana, St Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity. A. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. By tying the bougainvillea to a stake early on, you can support the central branch as it thickens into a trunk capable of supporting the canopy. Sá CFC, 2015. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Lawaii, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Habit: Climbing shrub by ; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram ... Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Common names Bougainvillea in language. Flowers : Each flower head consists of 3 petaloid bracts arranged as an involucre and … Bougainvillea brasiliensis Lund ex Choisy; Bougainvillea peruviana Nees & Mart. St Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Bougainvillea spectabilis Mix Violet and Red Seeds Price for Package of 10 seeds. Bougainvillea is trained into a standard form with frequent pruning. Paperflower (Bougainvillea glabra) has distinctly 5-angled (pentagonal) floral tubes and shorter, acute floral bracts, while Great Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) has rounded floral tubes and longer, obtuse floral bracts. (Buganvillea) Habit at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Swarbrick J T, 1997. Bougainvillea glabra, B. spectabilis ornamental with magneta bract. Different authors accept from four to 18 species in the genus. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2015. 1-192. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23193787, India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. MacKee, H. S., 1994. 118 pp. Choose a central trunk early in the development of the tree and prune off all other canes at ground level. B. glabra and B. spectabilis are alike in general appearance, the main differences being the bloom cycle, and B. glabra being hairless whereas B. spectabilis is hairy. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PIER, 2018. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. unpaginated. http://www.griis.org/, Hakim, L., Hong SunKee, 2018. 9 (Special Issue No. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. (1973) p 22 Parts Shown: Habit Photo 41 (1), 41-82. http://www.sanbi.org, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. . Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. It is frost tender but drought resistant. Great bougainvillea, Purple bougainvillea Synonyms. Online database. PROTA4U web database. Aspects of Plant Science , 9, 199–244. As with most plants you ned to prepare the soil first, if you are using pots, then a good quality potting mix is required, and as Bougainvilleas are a relatively hungry plant regular application of a high potash fertilizer will be required. Left to grow untrained against a vertical surface, bougainvillea will spread low over the ground, with a radius of up to 20 feet from the center of the shrub. That they need - no care and no culture. The flowers are generally small, white, and inconspicuous, highlighted by several brightly colored modified leaves called bracts.The bracts can vary in color, ranging … Tropicos website. glabrous) or sparsely hairy (i.e. > 0°C, wet all year, Popular ornamental often planted in botanical gardens, Naturalized in disturbed sites, along roadsides, forest margins, Popular ornamental. In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. In: Tropicos database. About Bougainvillea spectabilis Plant : Habit : An extensive climber having curved, woody thorns on the stem and branches which are also hairy. It does well in locations with a minimum of 65°F at night and 75–95 °F during the day. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Jørgensen P M, León-Yánez S, 1999. They can thrive for many years, becoming even more beautiful with age. vol 98, no. Toowoomba, Australia: J.T. Online database. Bougainvillea recovers slowly from this type of injury. Cytological evaluation of woody taxa of Gamopetalae and Monochlamydeae from south India. Bougainvillea bracteata Pers. Pisonia aculeata – a large climber, armed with recurved axillary spines. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. 4. Publication Author Huxley. Bougainvillea glabra, B. spectabilis ornamental with magneta bract. This species blooms several times a year. hirsutissima J.A.Schmidt; Bougainvillea spectabilis var. She has a Bachelor of Arts degree in art with a minor in English. https://www.prota4u.org/database/. http://tropical.theferns.info/, Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F., Smith, G. F., 2011. Trained to grow against a fence or trellis, bougainvillea will grow upright, and it can easily take over a given space in a garden. Version 14. Report to Parks Australia. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). ex J.A.Schmidt; Bougainvillea spectabilis var. The new Bougainvillea originated from a cross made by the inventor of two of the inventor's proprietary Bougainvillea spectabilis seedling selections. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Growth Habit. ex J.A.Schmidt Bougainvillea spectabilis var. Cook Islands Biodiversity Database, Version 2007.2., Rarotonga, Cook Islands: Cook Islands Natural Heritage Trust. Bougainvillea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. CABI Distribution Database: Status as determined by CABI editor. Widely commercialized, Garden ornamental. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. Es originaria de Brasil donde se encuentra en la Amazonia y la Mata Atlántica. Perth, Australia: R. P. Randall.iii + 3653 pp. Other articles where Bougainvillea spectabilis is discussed: bougainvillea: The stem of B. spectabilis is covered with many short hairs, and the flowers are relatively short-lived. In: Flora of China. Role of bougainvilleas in mitigation of environmental pollution. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Randall, R. P., 2017. Once established care is minimum. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a tropical perennial shrubby vine grown as an annual or container plant and makes an excellent addition to a pool or patio space. Common Names. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a dense plant with large hairy leaves and distinctive curved thorns. White Stripe Bougainvillea Bougainvillea spectabilis 'White Stripe' Sku #9011. The new Bougainvillea is a naturally-occurring whole plant mutation of the Bougainvillea spectabilis cultivar Vera Deep Purple, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. Balick MJ, Nee M, Atha DE, 2000. MacKee H S, 1994. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1489-1494. http://jans.ansfoundation.org/previous-issues/volume-9-year-2017-issue-3#TOC-Effect-of-growth-stages-and-fertility-levels-on-growth-yield-and-quality-of-fodder-oats-Avena-sativa-L.-, PROTA, 2018. English name(s): Bougainvillea, Paper flower : Description: Armed, straggling shrubs. La Bougainvillea glabra, a la que pertenece la popular Bougainvillea sanderiana ‘Alexandra’, de color morada es una de las más apreciadas por el mercado ornamental. Bougainvillea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Leaves : Ovate, obtuse, entire, wavy, hairy. Gulabbas) (Fig. 131 pp. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. The genus Bougainvillea, in the Nyctinaginacea (Four-o’clock) family of plants, has 14 species, with three that are horticulturally important: B. spectabilis , B. glabra, and B. peruviana. Great Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) in the Bougainvilleas Database. Bougainvillea (/ ˌ b uː ɡ ɪ n ˈ v ɪ l i ə / or / ˌ b oʊ ɡ ɪ n ˈ v ɪ l i ə /) is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, or trees.It is native to Eastern South America, from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. 89.1): Habit: Large perennial herbs. Four o'clock pollination biology: nectaries, nectar and flower visitors in Nyctaginaceae from southern South America. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Flowers in axillary cymes or panicles, in triads, each flower is subtended by an ovate-acute, petaloid bract. Common names: Great Bougainvillea: Bougainvillea: General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Vine: Life cycle: Perennial: Sun Requirements: Full Sun Full Sun to Partial Shade: Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9b -3.9 °C (25 °F) to … hirsutissima J.A.Schmidt Bougainvillea spectabilis var. Bougainvillea speciosa Schnizl. 2), 1-88. http://repositorio.geotech.cu/jspui/bitstream/1234/1476/4/Lista%20nacional%20de%20plantas%20invasoras%20de%20Cuba-2015.pdf, Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), 2011. Flora vitiensis nova. Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub: Native Status: PB I PR I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. B. glabra ’s score under the Hawai‘i-Pacific Weed … Bougainvillea's vibrant colors come not from its small, inconspicuous true flowers, but from the three large bracts that surround them. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk, USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Meyer J-Y, 2008. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a tropical perennial shrubby vine grown as an annual or container plant and makes an excellent addition to a pool or patio space. Walls with southern exposures will provide enough sunlight. These species are B.spectabilis, B.glabra, B.x buttia-naand, B.peruviana. Species: There are 18 species but only four have horticultural importance due to their showy and colorful bracts. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Leaves alternate, ovate-acuminate, 11.5 x 9.5 cm, entire, lateral nerves 5-6 pairs, glabrous; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Different authors accept from four to 18 species in the genus. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Water your bougainvillea once every week during the first few months as the roots take hold in its new location. A new flora of Fiji, Vol. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2015. Shrub Origin. Swarbrick Weed Science Consultancy. Native to Brazil, this species has been extensively introduced into tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of the world. University of California at Davis: Bougainvillea -- Bougainvillea Spp. Full sun. Title The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Atlas of Florida Plants., Tampa, Florida, USA: University of South Florida. Report to Parks Australia . In: Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). The larger growing Bougainvillea spectabilis has naturally cream flowers and red to purple bracts. Grandtner MM, Chevrette J, 2013. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity . Nadeaud botanical database of the Herbarium of French Polynesia. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. 5, Lawaii, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden.626 pp. Left to its own devices, bougainvillea is a disorderly shrub that will grow in long canes with deep green leaves and brightly colored bracts. Leslie Rose has been a freelance writer publishing with Demand Studios since 2008. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer. Bougainvillea Bougainvillea. Bougainvillea glabra has thinner branches that spread in many directions, and short thin thorns which are curved at … Bougainvillea groundcover is useful in highway median strips and lining shopping center parking lots because it adds bright color and requires little or no maintenance once established, though it must be pruned regularly to keep it from spreading into the roadways or parking spots. Bougainvillea glabra has thinner branches that spread in many directions, and short thin thorns which are curved at the tips. The bracts are fairly large and crinkled, and come in shades of rose, rusty-red, and purple. virescens (Choisy) J.A.Schmidt Bougainvillea virescens Choisy Josepha angusta Vell., 1829 Josepha augusta Vell. Tropicos website. Davidse, G, Sousa Sánchez, M, Knapp, S, Chiang Cabrera, F, 2018. In: Flora Mesoamericana . Sanz Elorza M, Guillot Ortiz D, Deltoro V, 2011. Foto n. 113551 - Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) Habit at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. by Kubitzki K, Rohwer JG, Bittrich V]. GRIIS, 2018. Do not break the soil ball. Online Database Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Xu SuXia, Huang QingYun, Shu QingYan, Chen Chun, Vick, B. De Barros Fernandes CM, 2008. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., https://nadeaud.ilm.pf/. DOI:10.11594/jtls.08.02.14, Herrera K, Lorence D H, Flynn T, Balick M J, 2010. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Oxybaphus – Greek oxybaphus – a saucer. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) (Catálogo de la flora exotica de la isla de Cerdeña (Italia)). Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. The thornless varieties of bougainvillea, such as Miss Alice, are known for their white clusters of flowers and moderate growing habit. Starr-150327-0157-Bougainvillea spectabilis-flowering habit golf cart and Laysan Albatrosses-Residences Sand Island-Midway Atoll (24972033070).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.8 MB Μπουκαμβίλια η λαμπρά - Bougainvillea spectabilis.jpg 1,840 × 3,264; 17.57 MB Elsewhere, best blooming occurs when the night length and day length are almost equal (in spring or fall). In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii.http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Priyadarshini Salam, Veluru Bhargav, Gupta, Y. C., Nimbolkar, P. K., 2017. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Lush foliage and long lasting tissue-paper textured bracts in many colors are hallmarks. unpaginated. ex J.A.Schmidt; Bougainvillea spectabilis var. Flora of China. Smith, A. C., 1991. Scientia Horticulturae, 120(3), 399-405. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2008.11.023, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. parviflora Mart. Scientific name: Bougainvillea spectabilis. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PIER, 2018. Flora of China. 97-130. Bougainvillea does best at elevations from 10 to 2500 feet. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2018. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. also has detailed information on botanic features such as leaf and flower and fruit with glossaries describing the terms. 10,950. Taxon, 59(3), 905-910. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with Local Names and Uses. Status Assessment Predictive Tool Score. Bougainvillea spectabilis is naturally found in South America growing into trees along forest margins. & Bonpl.. View this species on GBIF Home gardens of the local community of Pancasila Village in Tambora Geopark, Sumbawa Island: biodiversity conservation and ecotourism sites development. In the early days of this training, the bougainvillea will produce suckers from the roots and lower portions of the trunk. Swarbrick Weed Science Consultancy.131 pp. Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported: Native, No County Data: … Bougainvillea (/ ˌ b uː É¡ ɪ n ˈ v ɪ l i ə / or / ˌ b oʊ É¡ ɪ n ˈ v ɪ l i ə /) is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, or trees.It is native to Eastern South America, from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. With proper pruning, it can also be trained into a standard. Publisher MacMillan Press Year 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5 Description Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Nomenclature, taxonomy and ecology. It prefers a well drained humus rich moist loamy soil with a pH range from 5.5 to 7.0 and grows in an open sunny position. Environmental weeds and exotic plants on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. N/A Assessment Dates. Bougainvillea glabra in these areas tend to bloom year round. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia, St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press.1741 pp. Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – … B. spectabilis (64–68° F). The objective of the breeding program was to create new Bougainvillea cultivars having spherical inflorescences, compact plant habit and long-lasting flowers. ... Bougainvillea spectabilis and Bougainvillea cv. The new Bougainvillea originated from a cross made by the inventor of two of the inventor's proprietary Bougainvillea spectabilis … Habit Rivers J, 2004. Bougainvillea's growth habit and beautiful showy bracts make it a popular plant for landscapes. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Bougainvillea spectabilis var. Common Names. Journal of Tropical Life Science, 8(2), 192-199. doi: 10.11594/jtls.08.02.14, Herrera, K., Lorence, D. H., Flynn, T., Balick, M. J., 2010. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Light Needs. Botanica Complutensis. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Description. 1. The leaves are long and dark green. About Bougainvillea spectabilis Plant : Habit : An extensive climber having curved, woody thorns on the stem and branches which are also hairy. English name(s): Bougainvillea, Paper flower : Description: Armed, straggling shrubs. (Lista nacional de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2015). Bougainvillea is a vigorous and long lived climber that is grown … St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Bougainvillea spectabilis grows as a woody vine or shrub, reaching 15 to 40 feet (4.6 to 12.2 m) with heart-shaped leaves and thorny, pubescent stems. … http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2018. Inflorescence : Branched axillary or terminal panicles. McCormack G, 2013. Dictionary of Trees: South America. 2006, 2016 Detailed Data. In: Environmental weeds and exotic plants on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Other Common Bougainvillea Varieties Thornless Credit to Dinesh Valke. Nyctaginaceae. 5. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador, 1182 pp. Santa rita in language. Tropicos database. In: Flora of China St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Foxcroft, L. C., Richardson, D. M., Wilson, J. R. U., 2008. Growth forms can range from nearly vine-like to tree-like with pruning. Growth Habit. Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. Smith A C, 1991. Planting bougainvillea seeds is sure way to add a vibrant splash of color to the home or garden. If these break - plants may die. Bougainvillea peruviana Nees & Mart. 2006, 2016 Detailed Data. Oxybaphus – Greek oxybaphus – a saucer. B. glabra. 5. glabrous) or sparsely hairy (i.e. The combination of bract plus inconspicuous flower itself resembles a flower with conspicuous petals. Bougainvillea spectabilis var. Gulabbas) (Fig. Flowers in axillary cymes or panicles, in triads, each flower is subtended by an ovate-acute, petaloid bract. Lisbon, Portugal: Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências. Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub: Native Status: PB I PR I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Tropicos database. Figueiredo E, Paiva J, Stévart T, Oliveira F, Smith G F, 2011. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. . parviflora Mart. Wageningen and Nairobi, Netherlands\Kenya: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. It has large medium-green leaves that have wavy margins and very large reddish-magenta long pointed bracts surrounding the larger-than-average white flowers, making the bracts and flowers more prominent than on other Bougainvillea cultivars. Useful Tropical Plants Database. Online Database. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. B glabra is long flowering and a desirable garden plant. The Plant List, 2013. Tricycla spectabilis Poir. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 9(Special Issue No. Care and culture for all bougainvilleas is the same. One of the most widely utilized tropical shrubs; makes an excellent patio or pool-side potted plant. University of Florida IFAS Extension: Bougainvillea Spp. Important Types of Nyctaginaceae: 1. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Bougainvillea spp. Care should be taken while planting new plants. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Bougainvillea grows best in a sunny location with well-draining soil. Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine, 21(3), 177-185. growth habit is spreading, and the green-leaf types are fast growing. Version 1.1. 2), 1-88. http://repositorio.geotech.cu/jspui/bitstream/1234/1476/4/Lista%20nacional%20de%20plantas%20invasoras%20de%20Cuba-2015.pdf, Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), 2011. Description: Bougainvillea glabra is a vigorous climbing species, which flowers at an earlier age than most kinds. Reproductive organography of Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Davidse G, Sousa Sánchez M, Knapp S, Chiang Cabrera F, 2018. Flowering plants of the Galápagos, Ithaca, USA: Cornell University Press. Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Pacific., 16. Bougainvillea can tolerate hot dry locations, with tem­ peratures over 100°F. La Bougainvillea spectabilis , también conocida como Californiana , acoge al resto de la mayoría de variedades con una amplia gama de … Report to Parks Australia. Wallingford, UK: CABI. No known synonyms ... Not a problem species (un-documented) Assessment Status: Complete. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. - a review. Chatha GS, Bir SS, 1987. In: PROTA4U web database Wageningen and Nairobi, Netherlands\Kenya: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.https://www.prota4u.org/database/. 62 pp. Mirabilis jalapa (Four O’clock plant) (Vera. Home gardens of the local community of Pancasila Village in Tambora Geopark, Sumbawa Island: biodiversity conservation and ecotourism sites development. On its own it can create around 4m height wide bush with weeping branches. Paperflower (Bougainvillea glabra) has distinctly 5-angled (pentagonal) floral tubes and shorter, acute floral bracts, while Great Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) has rounded floral tubes and longer, obtuse floral bracts. Miss Alice can grow up to 2 feet in height and is mainly used to cover the ground. Environmental Management, 41(1), 32-51. doi: 10.1007/s00267-007-9027-9, Gilman EF, 1999. 1182 pp. (Flora exótica de Cabo Verde: avaliação e impactos nos ecossistemas naturais, utilizando sistemas de informação geográfica). Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/search.asp. Jørgensen P M, Nee M H, Beck S G, 2014. Molecular phylogeny of Nyctaginaceae: taxonomy, biogeography, and characters associated with a radiation of xerophytic genera in North America. Bougainvillea spectabilis var. In: PROTA4U web database. ID 10740 Symbol Key BOSP6 Common Name great bougainvillea Family Nyctaginaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution PR Growth Habit Shrub Duration Douglas, N. A., Manos, P. S., 2007. This species blooms several times a year. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk , USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PIER, 2011. If you choose to grow your bougainvillea near a vertical surface such as a wall, care must be taken to ensure that the wall it is grown against does not shade the bougainvillea during the day. Flora Montiberica. In: The Plant List: a working list of all plant species.             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Caryophyllales,                         Family: Nyctaginaceae,                             Genus: Bougainvillea,                                 Species: Bougainvillea spectabilis, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Sá CFC, 2015. growth habit is spreading, and the green-leaf types are fast growing. In: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.44033. Leaves : Ovate, obtuse, entire, wavy, hairy. But when planted next to tall tree or with other type of support, it's stems can climb on it even up to 15m height. can grow to be as tall as 20 feet high, with a spread just as wide. vol 64, no. Bougainvillea are hardy plants. South America Tool Used. Grandtner, MM, Chevrette, J, 2013. There are dwarf cultivars as well. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Bacchetta G, Mayoral O, Podda L, 2009. It prefers moderately fertile, organically rich soil that retains moisture but is not soggy. Nyctaginaceae in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. Bougainvillea Bougainvillea spectabilisconocido con el nombre común de buganvilia (según elDiccionario panhispánico de dudas, la forma más usada en América), buganvilla (España), bugambilia o camelina (México), Napoleón (Hondura… Evergreen in frost-free areas; use as a summer annual in cooler northern zones. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. bougainvillea … Ornamental plants as invasive aliens: problems and solutions in Kruger National Park, South Africa. In: Environmental weeds and exotic plants on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Bougainvillea glabra exhibits carmine-rose bracts, small leaves and reaches a maximum size of 10 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Flowering Vines That Attract Hummingbirds, How to Get a Bougainvillea Plant Part to Root, How to Prune and Train Pink Winter Jasmine, University of Hawai'i at Manoa: Bougainvillea. Bougainvillea spectabilis exhibits antihyperglycemic and antioxidant activities in experimental diabetes. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. The bracts are fairly large and crinkled, and come in shades of rose, rusty-red, and purple. Nyctaginaceae in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. > 0°C, dry winters), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. (Fact Sheet FPS-70) . In addition to her work as a writer, she is an accomplished painter and experienced art teacher. Keep these trimmed as the bougainvillea grows into a tree shape. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) has hairless (i.e. Soc. Bougainvillea is a classical sprawling tropical shrub. It has large medium-green leaves that have wavy margins and very large reddish-magenta long pointed bracts surrounding the larger-than-average white flowers, making the bracts and flowers more prominent than on other Bougainvillea … Chauhan P, Mahajan S, Kulshrestha A, Shrivastava S, Sharma B, Goswamy HM, Prasad GBKS, 2016. Bougainvillea is a shrub or sometimes dwarf tree, often scan-dent, usually armed with simple or branched spines. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. 3. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 171(3), 551-567. doi: 10.1111/boj.12009, Oviedo Prieto, R., González-Oliva, L., 2015. Gainesville, Florida, USA: Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/shrub_fact_sheets/bousppa.pdf. Bougainvillea spectabilis white bouganvillea (dr. rao) Note: The image is for reference purpose only. [1] Vista general. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) Bougainvillea spectabilis is a woody perennial plant with tendencies to climb. 89.1): Habit: Large perennial … Heaviest bloom comes during the cooler months of spring and fall, when days and nights are nearly equal in length. 1. A well-watered bougainvillea may produce more foliage and fewer flowers. After the first growing season, regular watering is not necessary. (La flora alóctona de la Comunidad Valenciana (España)). Extra Large Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2018), Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/shrub_fact_sheets/bousppa.pdf, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB10904, http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/search.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Invasive on Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua), Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Bougainvillea … Bougainvillea glabra is a species that naturally is smaller growing, it is even used for bonsai, flower colors range from white purple. Variety or Cultivar 'Vera Deep Purple' _ 'Vera Deep Purple' is a tender, compact, upright, evergreen shrub with thornless stems bearing ovate, dark green leaves and, in summer, prominent, deep purple-pink bracts surrounding small, creamy-white flowers. Bougainvillea spectabilis. have the highest numbers of cpSSRs, while Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Vera Deep Purple' is: Evergreen. Due to Bougainvillea’s growth habit and attractive bracts, it became a widely known plant for landscaping [4]. Swarbrick, J. T., 1997. Version 14 . 5. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height etc. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2018. parviflora Mart. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. http://www.tropicos.org/, Oviedo Prieto R, González-Oliva L, 2015. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Horticulture. Botanical survey update of Diego Garcia, Chagos Archipeligo, British Indian Ocean Territory. Seeds and stem fragments, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Bougainvillea spectabilis var. These tropical favorites are relatively easy to maintain. PROTA4U web database. Bougainvillea spectabilis is an aggressive climbing vine or shrub growing >10 m high. Bougainvillea brasiliensis Lund ex Choisy; Bougainvillea peruviana Nees & Mart. It is reported to be invasive on the Chilean island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island/Isla de Pasqua) and on Diego Garcia … Leaves alternate, ovate-acuminate, 11.5 x 9.5 cm, entire, lateral nerves 5-6 pairs, glabrous; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Toowoomba, Australia: J.T. Bougainvillea Growth Habits. Report to Parks Australia. 47(2), 131-134. Sharma SC, Srivastava RI, Roy RK, 2005. typica Heimerl McMullen CK, 1999. Shrub Origin. B. peruviana, from Colombia to Peru, has rose to … Bougainvillea bracteata Pers. A., 2009. (Nyctaginaceae in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil). A new flora of Fiji, Vol. Jørgensen, P. M., León-Yánez, S., 1999. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. The strong vine-like habit provides quick cover and a beautiful show throughout the warm season. CABI is a registered EU trademark. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer J-Y, 2013. Bougainvillea's vibrant colors come not from its small, inconspicuous true flowers, but from the three large bracts that surround them. This is useful only in areas not meant to be traversed by humans or pets because of the shrub's sharp thorns that can grow up to 2 inches in length. Nomenclature, taxonomy and ecology., 2 Academic Press. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. A humus rich moist, but well drained soil is essential for Bougainvillea, a bright sunny position is best but see if y… Status Assessment Predictive Tool Score. The strong vine-like habit provides quick cover and a beautiful show throughout the warm season. Douglas N, Spellenberg R, 2010. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation.unpaginated. Bougainvillea speciosa Schnizl. Does Bougainvillea Grow Fast?. Bougainvillea speciosa Schnizl. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.unpaginated. Given time, bougainvillea will grow upright against the wall or fence all on its own. B. glabra and B. spectabilis are alike in general appearance, the main differences being the bloom cycle, and B. glabra being hairless whereas B. spectabilis is hairy. Great Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) in the Bougainvilleas Database. B. glabra ’s score under the Hawai‘i-Pacific Weed Risk Classification. can grow to be as tall as 20 feet high, with a spread just as wide. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Grown against a trellis, garden wall or fence, bougainvillea may naturally begin to climb nearby vertical surfaces on its own. It is a subtropical woody plant armed with spines. Many gardeners enjoy growing bougainvillea because it requires little regular maintenance once established. Nyctaginaceae. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Heaviest bloom comes during the cooler months of spring and fall, when days and nights are nearly equal in length. South America Tool Used. Allertonia. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Mirabilis jalapa (Four O’clock plant) (Vera. All of the plants in PlantFile are fully documented covering an overview of the plant that includes a description, natural habitat and how the plant is commonly used. Inflorescence : Branched axillary or terminal panicles. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. If you wish to train bougainvillea to grow in a vertical direction, use nylon ties to secure the plant to the nearby vertical surface. Due to Bougainvillea’s growth habit and attractive bracts, it became a widely known plant for landscaping [4]. The objective of the breeding program was to create new Bougainvillea cultivars having spherical inflorescences, compact plant habit and long-lasting flowers. The genus Bougainvillea, in the Nyctinaginacea (Four-o’clock) family of plants, has 14 species, with three that are horticulturally important: B. spectabilis , B. glabra, and B. peruviana. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. In: Tropicos database St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/, Nores, M. J., López, H. A., Rudall, P. J., Anton, A. M., Galetto, L., 2013. Evolution in bougainvillea (Bougainvillea Commers.) 1741 pp. (Lista nacional de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2015). 3 (1986) p 57 Parts Shown: Habit, Unclear Photo Journal of the Royal Hort. 4. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp. Broome, R., Sabir, K., Carrington, S., 2007. Bothalia. Great bougainvillea, Purple bougainvillea Synonyms. Textured implements like ropes or twine may chafe the canes and cause girdling in times of high winds and storms. Online database. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. The alien flora of Comunidad Valenciana (Spain). Classification. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a dense plant with large hairy leaves and distinctive curved thorns. Homonyms Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Pisonia aculeata – a large climber, armed with recurved axillary spines. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, 2020. No. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Growth habit: A sprawling evergreen vine, often trained as a shrub, growing to 20 feet tall and wide. Flora vitiensis nova. hirsutissima J.A.Schmidt; Bougainvillea spectabilis var. Share. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. GRIIS, 2018. Strategic action plan to control invasive alien plants on Rapa Nui (Easter Island). Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, Franck AR, Essig FB, 2018. Bougainvillea spectabilis Purple Bougainvillea Boething Treeland Farms grows over 1,200 varieties of trees, shrubs, perennials and specialty plants on ten California nurseries to serve the wholesale landscape and nursery industries throughout the Western United States and beyond. Common names: Great Bougainvillea: Bougainvillea: General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Vine: Life cycle: Perennial: Sun Requirements: Full Sun Full Sun to Partial Shade: Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9b -3.9 °C (25 °F) to -1.1 °C (30 °F) 1192 pp. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) has hairless (i.e. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Bougainvillea 'James Walker' - A vigorous evergreen vine with branches that can reach 30 feet long. Bougainvilleas that grow in partial shade will become spindly and flower little.