Her biggest passion is working in conjunction with the natural world to harvest healthy, organic food from her own backyard. Please also bear in mind that because chickens (even domestic ones) are classed as farm animals they fall under DEFRA guidelines which currently state that you must not feed chickens food that has been prepared in a kitchen where it might come into contact with any other animal products. Tags: Staci Ducharme, Dogs, Cats, Chickens, Plants, Foods, Many people think of cleaners, pesticides and medicine being toxic to animals, however, there are many foods and plants that are common in and around our homes toxic to our animal friends as well. For this reason, it is imperative that chickens are not given treated plants or are allowed access to pastures that have been treated with herbicides. It might make the perfect pie, but rhubarb leaves contain oxalic acid or oxalates that are toxic to chickens, causing jaundice, tremors and increased salivation. I used diatomacous powder in and around my chickens cages a few had mites and did not have anything else to use. Iceberg lettuce has little nutritional value and can cause diarrhea if too much is ingested. Some of the things that should not be fed to chickens includes amaranth, avocado, butter, chocolate, citrus, caffiene (including coffee grounds), dry beans eggplant leaves, and more. Avocado Skin and Pit Skin and pit have low levels of toxicity. Amber is the Research Specialist of the Open Sanctuary Project. Plants that are part of the nightshade family - Members of the nightshade family include potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant. We don’t eat potatoes raw and neither should the birdies. The Latin name for these plants is Solanaceae. Signs of hepatotoxic cyanotoxins are weakness, bloody diarrhea, pale, Sometimes, copper sulfate is used to treat. You can also feed chickens healthy greens and some green scraps, but avoid known poisonous greens (see “Things that are toxic to chickens”, below). This applies to tomatoes and fruits and other vegetables. They avoid onions, for example, but there’s always one or two chickens that may not have gotten the memo. that are more effective and compassionate. When painting or staining fencing or the exteriors of buildings, look for products that are specially made for barns and fencing and listed as animal or “livestock” friendly. Most venoms can impair blood clotting and damage the heart, while some others contain neurotoxins. Sometimes the whole avocado is listed as toxic. Keep it dry and mold free as mold in any form, on any food your chickens eat, can be very harmful. Birds are such social creatures, so many owners allow their pets to be included at mealtime. The food listed above is only discouraged, however the food listed below is poisonous to chickens and under no circumstances should you feed them to your chickens. Raw green potato skins contain solanine, which is poisonous to chickens. Anything real salty Can cause salt poisoning in small bodies such as chickens. Uncooked raw or dried beans contain hemaglutin, which is poisonous to chickens. There are many garden plants that are also toxic to your chickens. Having the soil tested at your sanctuary is an easy way to learn if the environment is safe for residents. While sharing food with your bird is a lot of fun and can be wonderful for your pet's emotional health, there are many common human foods that can be harmful or even fatal to your bird. Please consider supporting The Open Sanctuary Project by making a donation today! Theirs not other obvious sign of death. Please note that, while comprehensive, this list may not contain every single plant toxic to chickens! Consult a veterinarian immediately if you suspect a chicken has ingested lead or is beginning to show symptoms of lead poisoning. Some plants are poisonous to chickens although fortunately they are quite savvy about what not to eat and it is very rare for a chicken to eat poisonous plants due to their bitter taste. However, there are foods that chickens should NOT eat. Hardware Disease refers to the injuries that can result from any animal resident eating something they shouldn’t, especially pieces of human-made hardware like nails, screws, and staples. If you suspect a chicken may have ingested any of the poisons above, contact your veterinarian immediately. Cantharidiasis (Blister Beetle Poisoning), Polytetrafluoroethylene Toxicosis (Teflon Flu, Polymer Fume Fever), Foods That You Should Not Feed To Chickens, The Open Sanctuary Project’s Global Toxic Plant Database, Special Care Recommendations For Younger Chickens And Chicks, Techniques And Practices Necessary For Responsible Chicken Care. 1. Keep the chicken calm while seeking immediate veterinary care. Sometimes, copper sulfate is used to treat crop mycosis or digestive issues in chickens. While some of them may cause stomach aches others may lead to something worse. Symptoms of copper toxicosis are listlessness and watery diarrhea. What chicken should consume and what chicken shouldn’t eat is not always the same thing. In addition to the above, here are some foods that you should not feed to chickens: Avocado skin and pits contain persin, which is toxic to chickens. for some tips on how to dissuade snakes from your property. While poisoning from these beetles is most concerning for horses and other mammals, they are potentially dangerous to your chicken residents too. Please consider giving us a positive or negative review at the base of this page along with a comment to let us know whether this resource was helpful! You really don’t have to worry, though, because I have yet to see a chicken eat a raw potato except for the teeny, tiny potatoes that fall off of the wash rack. Hardware disease can have devastating effects on any resident. They do eat grains and seeds. Remember, a toxic substance does not mean that it will immediately kill the bird that consumes it. There are many new and innovative ways to address rodent populations that are more effective and compassionate. Some people food that is healthy for us is dangerous food for chickens. A few of my chock have lost their feathers around bottom ?cause, VAT Number: GB837106436 Insoluble Grit Not to be confused with the diner classic, insoluble grit refers to small hard rocks and pebbles that a chicken will swallow as an aid to digest food in their gizzard since they lack teeth. Lead was once used in paints and pesticides, and can also be found from natural environmental sources. Some wood stains and paints can be toxic to residents. However, chickens can enjoy mashed potatoes when cooked properly. However it can be a good idea to make sure your chickens don’t have access to these plants. Uncooked raw or dried beans contain hemaglutin, which is poisonous to chickens. Prevention is far easier than cure. You can check with a local environmental conservation service, or. Spinach can interfere with calcium absorption. If they do not, avoid using them and find another supplier, While rats and mice can pose challenges for sanctuaries, it is important to respect them and use, . Don’t give your chicken residents leaves of rhubarb, potato, or tomato plants. Onions: They contain a toxin called thiosulphate which can destroy your chickens’ red blood cells. If a source includes the (Non-Compassionate Source) tag, it means that we do not endorse that particular source’s views about animals, even if some of their insights are valuable from a care perspective. There are several things from the garden that are just terrible for chickens. Check out our resource on Hardware Disease prevention here. It may not come as a surprise that herbicides and rodenticides can cause toxicosis in chickens if ingested. ), black walnuts (Juglans nigrs), hazelnuts (Corylus), and pecans (Carya illinoinensis). Hardware disease can have devastating effects on any resident. How to Safely Feed Tomatoes to Your Chickens In addition to the compassion and consideration mice and rats deserve, many rodenticides are anticoagulants and act by preventing the blood to clot; chickens may find and attempt to eat the poisoned body of a mouse or rat and become poisoned themselves. Mycotoxins, specifically aflatoxins can affect chickens through contaminated food or bedding. Places where old machinery and leaded gas have been stored may also have caused contamination, as would old treated lumber and railroad ties. Chickens may ingest the lead in the environment through the consumption of paint flakes, plant material that has absorbed lead in the environment, and from tainted surfaces. | Of Horse, Animal Friendly Barn And Fence Paint For Horse Stalls | Stuff For Petz, Guide To Poisonous Plants | Colorado State University, Poisonings in Poultry | Merck Veterinary Manual, Cedar Chips and Pine Shavings As Bedding | The Spruce Pets, Blister Beetles | North Carolina State University Extension Service (Non-Compassionate Source), Toxic Plants A-Z | PoultryDMV (Non-Compassionate Source), Plants That Are Poisonous to Chickens | Gardening With Free-Range Chickens For Dummies (Non-Compassionate Source), Blue Green Algae Poisoning | Poultry DMV (Non-Compassionate Source), Mortality In Chickens Associated With Blister Beetle Consumption | Journal Of South African Veterinary Association  (Non-Compassionate Source), Protect You Horses And Livestock From Toxic Plants | Washington State Department Of Agriculture (Non-Compassionate Source). If it’s soft enough, they’ll eat all of it. And sometimes only the skin and seeds are listed as toxic. These foods generally contain components that are toxic to the chickens. Unfortunately, toxic and poisonous hazards are sometimes overlooked in the hustle and bustle of operating a sanctuary. Dairy products and too much iceberg lettuce can cause diarrhea, so these should also be fed in moderation. The type of toxin ingested will determine the symptoms. Make sure any heat sources you use in resident living spaces, such as a radiant heater or heat lamp, are free of PTFE. In addition to the above, here are some foods that you should not feed to chickens: Most of the time chickens will avoid things that aren’t good for them, but if food is scarce, or it is included in with other things they normally eat, they can’t always be trusted to steer clear. Symptoms of neurotoxic cyanotoxins include muscle tremors, decreased movement, difficulty breathing, convulsions, or in many cases sudden collapse and death. Chicken, Meat & Butchering Scraps. Avocado is a controversial one. Below is a list of foods you should refrain from feeding your chickens. They can cause erosive lesions and death, if consumed. Don’t give chickens any edible containing salt, sugar, coffee, or liquor. Early treatment is critical. How to Dispose of Them Holistically:. That's not entirely accurate. Venomous snakebites are not common, but when they occur, should be treated seriously and immediately. Your chickens will usually stay away from them by themselves as they don’t taste very nice to them. Depending on the severity of the bite, treatments may include antivenin, pain medications, fluid therapy, wound treatment, tetanus, Compassionate Wildlife Practices At Your Animal Sanctuary. In general, chickens won’t eat something they know will make them sick. Preventing access to other stagnant or slow-moving water sources such as lakes, bogs, and ponds can also help you keep residents safe. Company Reg. If you suspect a chicken may have ingested any of the poisons above. Raw potato peels, especially green ones, can contain a toxic Moldy & Junk Food Moldy and junk food is toxic for chickens. While rats and mice can pose challenges for sanctuaries, it is important to respect them and use compassionate mitigation practices. The type of toxin ingested will determine the symptoms. Black beans, kidney beans, pinto beans… any type of dry or raw bean is poisonous to chickens. 1. Seek veterinary care immediately if a chicken is bitten by a venomous snake. Dried or undercooked Beans Raw, or dry beans, contain a poison called hemaglutin which is toxic to birds. You can check with a local environmental conservation service, or agricultural extension office to inquire about testing. Younger birds are more likely to make the mistake of ingesting a blister beetle. Anything real salty -> Can cause salt poisoning in small bodies such as chickens. Dried raw beans contain hemagglutinin which can be toxic to your chickens. Try to use up open food bags within a few weeks after opening in the winter and in even less time in the summer, Clean any storage bins or cans thoroughly to remove old grain that may get stuck in cracks and crevices, Check with your food manufacturer or supplier to see if they regularly test for the presence of mycotoxins in grains before mixing food. While polytetrafluoroethylene toxicosis is a concern for any avian resident, be especially vigilant if you share your home with an avian companion, since there are many household items that could contain PTFE. Keep the chicken calm while seeking immediate veterinary care. Do not feed either to your flock. Blue-green algae is often found in stagnant water when temperatures are high. There are many, new and innovative ways to address rodent populations. Hellebores and monkshood are poisonous to humans - are they poisonous to chickens? Don’t give chickens any edible containing salt, sugar, coffee, or liquor. Included on many lists as “toxic for chickens”, we do feed cooked potatoes. Signs of hepatotoxic cyanotoxins are weakness, bloody diarrhea, pale comb and wattles, mental derangement, and eventually death. Chickens usually eat a wide range of foods including insects, meat from different sources, fruits, seeds and vegetation.. Chickens do eat less exciting foods like fruits, vegetables, flowers, and grass. When feeding treats such as bread, cereals, and pasta be very sparing as these food have little nutritional value and can cause your chickens to be overweight. Citrus. Young birds may die within 36 hours of ingestion. While this list isn’t exhaustive, it can certainly help you keep resident chickens safe, healthy, and happy! If you have fruit trees, you’ll know that chickens are crazy about fruit that falls to the ground. Chickens will eat most things you feed them. Blister beetles contain cantharidin, a toxic substance that is used as a defense mechanism against predators. While many chickens will avoid eating these beetles, some may be accidentally ingested. In order to prevent algae toxicity in chickens and other residents, be sure to clean water sources on a regular basis, especially when the weather is hot. Blood tests may confirm poisoning. This is not a magic cure and may not be appropriate in all situations, but it can be helpful to have on hand. They love treats and love to wander around the garden in search of plants, bugs and juicy worms. Here is a list of what not to feed your chickens: 1. Knowing what to feed chickens is important for maintaining a healthy backyard flock. Moldy, rotten foods and very salty foods can result in excessively wet feces and may be toxic. Mouldy food should never be fed to chickens as the mould can cause illness and may be fatal. If you have any questions or requests for us, we're always here for you. What Not to Feed Chickens: 33 Foods to Avoid From the Garden: It may be tempting to give your chickens every bit of scrap to come out of your garden, but slow your roll for just a moment. Luckily, there are a number of steps you can take to help ensure resident chickens do not suffer the ill effects of mycotoxin poisoning: If you are concerned about the possibility of mycotoxin contamination, have your food stores tested. In any case, here are some foods to avoid feeding your chickens: Raw green potato peels -> Toxic substance called Solanine. Owners need to know which foods are fine for sharing and which pose a serious risk. In order to help ensure you never run into this problem, we have compiled this resource of common plants and other potentially toxic things that have been known to be a problem for chickens. At a necropsy, burns and erosions are found in the lining of the gizzard, along with a green mucous throughout the intestinal tract. A chicken only needs to eat three or four beans to ingest a lethal amount of phytohaemagglutinin, which kills in as little as an hour and to which there is no antidote. As poisoning progresses, the wings may be extended downward. NOt to mention it’s gross seeing mold growing on food! Many toxins build up in the system and signs of distress take awhile to be apparent. Avoid citrus juice and skins. If you notice a snakebite, look for others. We advise against the use of glass bulb heat lamps due to their associated fire risk, but another reason to steer clear is that some are coated in PTFE. Symptoms of neurotoxic cyanotoxins include muscle tremors, decreased movement, difficulty breathing, convulsions, or in many cases sudden collapse and death. This is toxic to chickens. Beans contain a compound called phytohaemagglutinin, which is highly toxic to chickens. At high temperatures, items containing PTFE can put out highly toxic fumes, resulting in toxicity or even death. Start with a complete feed as the baseline and then be careful not to over-treat your birds with goodies. There are some foods that are reported to be toxic to chickens. Leaves from plants in the nightshade family are poisonous to chickens. Apple Seeds:They contain slight traces of cyanide. Most toxic foods also don’t leave the bird dead the next day but cause organ damage and illness. 8 Common Weeds Your Chickens Will Love (& 8 Poisonous Plants To Avoid!) Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is found in many household items but those that are intended to be heated are the main source of toxicity. It’s best to avoid these foods items. In Summary – Can Chickens Drink Milk? In addition to the compassion and consideration mice and rats deserve, many rodenticides are anticoagulants and act by preventing the blood to clot; chickens may find and attempt to eat the poisoned body of a mouse or rat and become poisoned themselves.