• California fuchsia (Zauschneria or Epilobium spp): This plant needs to be established before pruning, so don’t prune hard until the plant is a couple years old, then cut back hard every winter after blooming finishes and new growth appears. Prune the heavy, woody stems in order to promote new, healthy growth, states The Old Farmer's Almanac. Minimize the amount taken, removing dead branches periodically. I am new to growing Salvias but I just love them in my garden. Other names. The following pictures show Winnifred from planting in January 2011 to the present. There are exceptions noted below, but pruning in the winter months before new growth starts is often recommended. It's a wonderful culinary sage, but it's important to go easy with it, since it's very strong. Species. Not only is it tasty in cooking, it's also great to use medicinally. Trim your sage plants in the springtime instead, just as new leaves begin to emerge. This will help prevent disease transmission, you will have to do it before you start pruning and every time you change plants. Prune sage in the springtime. Sugar bush (Rhus ovata) are beautiful large shrubs. Cleveland sage can be cut back to one-half. Cleveland Tree is skilled in artfully pruning trees so their growth potential is enhanced and their aesthetic value improved. Just remove old flower stalks. Deadhead, but we wait until winter so birds can forage on the seeds. Redlands offers alternative, Dine 909: The Buffalo Spot opens 4th Inland Empire location; Thompson Brewing Co. reopens, San Bernardino County stops sending ambulances to all 911 calls as coronavirus surges, Two law enforcement officers certified as Yucaipa’s newest council members, It’s official: Here’s who won San Bernardino County elections Nov. 3, Coronavirus: Here’s what color tier each California county is in on Dec. 1. Middle: white sage and ceanothus in need of pruning, in front of sunset palms. Beard which is a sonomensis cultivar. Whenever I give talks on caring for new native gardens, this is a topic people want to learn about. Cleveland sage can be grown in containers, but I've seen it casually massed to best effect. The large woody stem bending to the left is in danger of splitting from the main upright stem. Sage bushes are fragrant additions to a garden, with striking gray-green leaves that add a punch of flavor to dishes in the kitchen. Don’t shear. • Buckwheat  (Erigonium spp): Buckwheat should not be pruned. I prune it back yearly. I watered her and she. S. clevelandii - S. clevelandii is a dwarf, rounded, evergreen shrub with downy stems, ovate to elliptic or lance-shaped, grey-green leaves and, in summer, terminal whorls or short spikes of white, blue or violet flowers. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Its common names include Blue sage, Fragrant sage, and Cleveland sage. Photos: Top: Black sage flower. just as Rosemary is a girl J ) hair style. As one of the largest sages, it needs enough space for it to fill in. Pruning in winter and spring causes an abundance of new growth near the pruning site and takes months to recover. Pinch back young manzanitas when there is new growth — usually March and April. These include black sage (Salvia mellifera), purple sage (S. leucophylla), white sage (S. apiana), and Cleveland sage (S. clevelandii). Or, contact our editors by emailing moderator@scng.com. (This lovely plant is named after a women whose first name was  spelled with two n’s, though it is often misspelled in the trade.) LGBT Center Cleveland Blog LGBT Center Programs Health & Wellness Queer Youth Initiative Community Groups Trans Wellness SAGE Cleveland Our Stories, Our Pride Meet Tom Monday 11:00 AM – 11:30 AM: Coffee and discussion 11:30 AM – 12:00 PM: Tai Chi 12:00 PM – 1:00 PM: Lunch 1:00 PM – 1:30 PM: Group Discussion Wednesday 11:00 AM … SAGE ClevelandRead More » Best with infrequent watering. The 1 that you see me pruning in the video is Salvia nemorosa (Meadow or Woodland Sage) and I’ve found this one has a very long bloom time and comes in different colors. Purple sage (Salvia leucophylla) and Cleveland and its hybrids such as Allen Chickering, Pozo Blue and Aromas can be cut back one-quarter to one-third. Some terminology for novices — pinching is removing the tip of a growing branch, and results in side branching at the point. A drought resistant perennial, Cleveland Sage is a wonderful choice for naturalizing large areas. Salvia clevelandii grows 3 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 8 feet wide. If you cut off all the flower stalks, and water, monkey flowers will rebloom in the summer. What to do with green waste in the garden, Native plant nurseries in Southern California, Parks & Gardens Featuring CA Native Plants, From left to right: hummingbird sage, white sage, black sage, purple sage, Cleveland sage, Winnifred in July 2012, having survived with no supplemental water to this time. Stop pruning and harvesting large quantities of sage after the beginning of September in all regions. We might permanently block any user who abuses these conditions. There are even desert sages, though these are difficult to grow in home gardens. Cuts into old growth likely won’t resprout. Gracias Sage is a dwarf cross of Cleveland Sage and Salvia sonomensis. Thanks, CV. Black Sage is one of the earliest blooming Salvias in the garden. However, if new shoots have already formed when you plan to cut back your sage, no pruning should be done any more. What a timely post! Post was not sent - check your email addresses! They all grew a lot this season, and I wan't to be sure to shape them early for a tidier habit next spring. Author of newly published book, Wild Suburbia - Learning to Garden with Native Plants, Barbara is Research Associate at Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden and Hort Chair of San Gabriel Mt. Pruning for these plants is similar to that appropriate for many of the Clevelandii cultivars mentioned above (Allen Chickering, Pozo Blue, etc.). This is a small, hairy, grey-green shrub native to the chaparral and coastal sage scrub plant communities of the region. The seedheads and many of the live stems were pruned back. Due to its height and drought resistance, it … After blooming, remove the entire flower stalk. My pruning and the re-sprouting looked like yours, this post helped assuage my fears that I had butchered the thing.

Coincidentally, my sages sit in front of a young Englemann Oak. They also make good hedges but don’t prune heavily, with early fall pruning best. Give Cleveland sage space to sprawl, and you’ll be rewarded with a wonderful wildlife plant. The plant was named in 1874 by Asa Gray, honoring plant collector Daniel Cleveland. (Courtesy Photo), Ceanothus (wild lilac) such as this Dark Star can be pruned after flowering, but leave some flowers to become berries for the birds. A mistake we made was waiting too many years before pruning our Cleveland sage … Beautiful violet-blue flower spikes cover this large bush beginning late April. Discovered in a Berkeley, California, garden, Winnifred Gilman is a fine variety of the species. It was one of the first plants I planted, and it survived a period where I couldn't water at all during a hot summer, so I give it high marks for xeriscaping. Salvia Salvia. A pair of gloves. Keep in mind that you must disinfect all the tools before trimming your sage. Pruning will make way for tender new growth that will be vulnerable to the cold and may be damaged or killed. One of the greatest enjoyments we get from sage, particularly from our California native sages, is the fragrance as we brush against the plants while journeying through the garden. (Courtesy Photo), Groundcover salvias such as this Bee’s Bliss can be pinched, before or as growth begins, to add denseness. In fact, there are many more sages native to California and nearby Baja California: Munz’s sage (Salvia munzii), Cedros Island sage (S.cedrosensis), and Brandegeei’s sage (S. brandegeeii), to name a few. Monkey flowers can be pruned in late fall before new growth appears. • Manzanitas (Arcostaphylos spp): Do not prune during cool, wet winter months because of fungus pathogens. Light, 2-step pruning (if needed) in late spring after first flowering. Hollyleaf cherry (Prunus ilicifolia) needs only pinching, if anything. I saw an entertaining video on how to remove them from your house using a vacuum cleaner and the freezer. Contact her at linda@ifnaturecouldtalk.com. When pruning, use sharp pruners that are sterilized (we occasionally wipe with rubbing alcohol) and cut near to the main branch or trunk. I have Mrs. Notice that cuts are made to the lower leaves or leaf buds. Free coronavirus map from Esri tracks trends in the U.S. Burlington offers bonuses as it seeks 400 workers in Redlands, San Bernardino, DUI suspect slams into USPS truck in Yucaipa, mail carrier hospitalized, Rail work closing streets in Redlands, San Bernardino, Worried about trick-or-treating during the pandemic? Growing Salvia clevelandii: Cleveland Sage in hot, dry climates and Arizona and California. Photo: Francesca Corra Leave pathways richly edged. Chapter of Calif Native Plant Society. We have grown it successfully without watering during the summer. Photos by Emily Green. Cleveland sage gets large and bushy, creating a beautiful fragrance when brushed past. Every year they grow larger and the display becomes more spectacular. After the sage has grown new shoots and leaves in spring, you can use the fresh sage leaves for a sage tea, for example, or to flavour meals. CLICK HERE TO TURN ON NOTIFICATIONS. Never cut into old growth that is larger than a pencil. Beard, are groundcovers; others like Vicki Romo and Desperado have some genes from the pungent white sage; and even one sage, hummingbird sage (S. spathacea), spreads by rhizomes and can grow in shade. Linda Richards is a member of the Redlands Horticultural and Improvement Society and lives in Redlands. For the purposes of this blog post I am going to focus on pruning white sage (Salvia apiana) and a selection of Cleveland sage called Winnifred Gilman. The secrets of Cleveland Sage. Each month with other volunteers she weeds and cares for the So Pas Nature Park. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! She received almost no supplemental summer water from the start. I did some major pruning of a cultivar called "Alpine". Instead, prune lightly for structure in summer. As a salvia, cousin to our kitchen sage, this plant is rich in essential oils that make it intensely fragrant, particularly when condition are hot and dry. By the way, The National Garden Bureau named Salvia nemerosa plant of the year in 2019. The recommendation (taken from Care and Maintenance of Southern California Native Plant Gardens by O’Brien, Landis and Mackey, p. 118-121) for these sages is to cut back young plants by about 1/3 to 1/2 in late summer to fall or winter, after flowering and before new growth begins. Pruning sage Prune Your Perfect Sage herb Before we start - I’m (not) proud to show you my two year old deliberately unpruned and neglected Sage bush. • White sage (Salvia apiana): White sage needs no pruning. These sages do not sprout reliably from woody stems so it is best to control them when they are young and don’t have long, brittle woody stems that are subject to breakage. You can also prune or pinch back in mid- to late spring but be careful to not take off flower buds, or you’ll be without flowers and the beautiful red berries. We invite you to use our commenting platform to engage in insightful conversations about issues in our community. Salvia clevelandii - Cleveland Sage is a California native with a stunning display of lavender blue flowers in late Spring. People have a tendency to overprune. Jim sage, Cleveland sage, Fragrant sage, Mountain sage. Salvia clevelandii Cleveland Sage. I also prune the center so it doesn't grow too tall and then have a woody center. A happy ceanothus that has flowered heavily will have sections of stems without leaves or branches, so cut back old flowered clusters for a denser look. It does best in either full sun or with some afternoon shade (hot, inland gardens – even Phoenix, AZ). The beautiful flower heads of Cleveland Sage cover the large southwestern native bushes for 5 or 6 weeks starting in late April. The flowers as well as the foliage of Cleveland sage are fragrant, and will release their scent if brushed up against along a path or planter edge. This particular cultivar has deeper blue flowers with a purple overlay as well as deep purple calyxes. A mistake we made was waiting too many years before pruning our Cleveland sage and it’s gotten too leggy, and pruned older stalks never resprout. Manzanitas should not be pruned in winter because of fungus issues. Prune in summer to early fall,  mid-July through September. Beard is 8 years old and still looks great. I used this method recently to turn a hearty Cleveland sage plant into 150 cuttings. There are  several wild sages that scent our sage scrub and chaparral wild lands, and make good additions to home gardens. Where are these lovely stinky things when you want them? Here are some takeaways of the more popular natives that my husband and I have employed in our native-plant landscaping. In all gardens, Cleveland sage is fine with a moderate layer of organic mulch. Fast growing and highly aromatic, Salvia clevelandii (Cleveland Sage) is a rounded subshrub with arching branches boasting an abundance of tubular lavender to dark purple flowers borne in widely spaced whorls along the stems. It usually starts blooming in late January and continues for about six weeks. And pinch when young to shape. And there are a few annual sages like chia (S. columbariae) and thistle sage (S. carduacea). She continues to garden with natives, give talks, and write. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Blooming in mid spring to late summer, the fragrant blossoms are very attractive to bees, butterflies, hummingbirds and birds. Pruning sage is not a complicated task, and with it the tools you will need for this task are easy to achieve. Botanical name. But don’t prune back new shoots that have appeared. • Fremontia, sugar bush and hollyleaf cherry: Do not cut into old growth. My hot lips just flower right through to early winter and I now know I should leave the pruning until Spring. It is not advisable to prune sage during the fall or winter. Native to Southern California and Baja California. It’s not a small sage for a typical suburban landscape, but it’s a beauty in a larger perennial garden or meadowscape where it can naturalize. • Toyon (Hetermomeles arbutifolia): Young trees should be pinched to develop a fuller appearance if desired, or leave as is for a tree shape. Cleveland sage can be cut back to one-half. Salvia clevelandii, 'Winnifred Gilman' is an green sage with blue flowers set in whorls of lavender bracts.This form of Cleveland sage is native to dry slopes San Diego County (we would guess it has a little Salvia munzii in it, but as it came from Strybing Arboretum it could have a little of something else, or the form found in the wild had a little munzii in it. August 3, 2012 following a bit of snipping. Cutting it can. One exception is white sage. Most of those cuttings will root and become new plants. • Monkey flower (Mimulus spp. Cleveland Sage is a beautiful, fast growing and highly aromatic species of sage native to the coast of southern California and northern Baja California. Tree pruning is a less aggressive, more subtle, form of tree trimming. I would pinch and prune the sonomensis. Pruning Young Sages I was all set to write about stink bugs. Although it is stated in Care and Maintenance that white sage does not need any pruning except the removal of old flower stalks, my white sage grows in a spot that gets full sun in summer but shade in winter when the sun is blocked by the house. But alas, I could not find a single one in my house or garden to photograph. For the purposes of this blog post I am going to focus on pruning white sage (Salvia apiana) and a selection of Cleveland sage called Winnifred Gilman. More nurseries, including our local Cherry Valley Nursery, are now carrying them. I am excited to be joining with Wendy Kerfoot, a new b... Oregon white oak restoration project on Orcas Island, Care and Maintenance of Southern California Native Plant Gardens. Black Sage is a California Native with similar but lighter pom-poms than Cleveland Sage. ). Pruning encourages growth and this is the normal rest period for sage. GET BREAKING NEWS IN YOUR BROWSER. Thank you for easy to understand instructions. I think it's time to break out the pruners, and I can almost smell the. Pinch young plants to get denser, fuller habit. To be clear, the one hearty sage plant is still strong and hearty this is not injure the plant itself. Violet Silverleaf (or “Cloud” series) Texas Sage Salvia clevelandii. • California sycamore (Platanus racemosa): As with other deciduous trees, prune in winter during dormancy. O’Brien suggests light fertilizing a month or so after pruning if the plant is growing in infertile soils. Inner hard woody stems have lot of buds. (Courtesy Photo). • Matilija poppy (Romneya coulteri): O’Brien says if growing vigorously after a year, prune hard, cutting back all the old stems to stubs only 3 to 4 inches from the ground. The smell of sage is the smell of the California chaparral. Pay more attention to structure early. So that goes into the to-do box and I will write on a more useful topic: Pruning young wild sages. Cleveland sage prefers a light to medium, well-drained soil with pH from 6.0 to 8.5. I was just thinking that it's time to go after all the sages we planted earlier this year. Here are tips on pruning California native plants, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Deputies shut down pop-up car show at Loma Linda hospital garage that drew thousands of people, Natural gas from ruptured line catches fire in Redlands; no injuries, 17-year-old boy arrested after man wounded by gunfire at Yucaipa park, Harvest Christian Pastor Greg Laurie tests positive for COVID-19 after attending Rose Garden ceremony. Perhaps the most common and easiest-to-grow native sage is Salvia clevelandii and its numerous hybrids. Salvia clevelandii, the fragrant sage, blue sage, Jim sage and Cleveland sage, is a perennial plant that is native to Southern California and northern Baja California, growing below 900 m (3,000 ft) elevation in California coastal sage and chaparral habitat. It never needs pruning or dividing. Some of the cultivars, such as Bee’s Bliss and Mrs. Pruning your culinary sage plant should be done in the early spring. Light pruning after spring if desired. It seems severe but you can cut back to 1- to 2-inch stubs. Betsy Clebsch’s, The New Book of Salvias, provides a comprehensive treatment of native and non-native garden sages. I was all set to write about stink bugs. Trimming involves major branches being removed, while pruning involves just removing small limbs, as well as water shoots and bottom growth. The leaves are a substitute for culinary sage in cooking, but they have a very strong flavor and must be used sparingly. (You can see why I love this sage so much here — it helped me survive the Grand Jury *cough*.) Grow native - let your garden go wild. California native plants are getting more attention these days. Sage is a lovely herb. We have Pozo, Winnifred, Allen, some S. leucophylla, S. apiana, and some S. sonomensis too. She was then groomed with a light pruning and removal of seedheads. If you see comments that you find offensive, please use the “Flag as Inappropriate” feature by hovering over the right side of the post, and pulling down on the arrow that appears. Cleveland Sage Salvia clevelandii. • Ceanothus (often referred as wild lilac): Pinch and lightly prune in spring after flowering and when they’re producing active growth. Although we do not pre-screen comments, we reserve the right at all times to remove any information or materials that are unlawful, threatening, abusive, libelous, defamatory, obscene, vulgar, pornographic, profane, indecent or otherwise objectionable to us, and to disclose any information necessary to satisfy the law, regulation, or government request. Engelmann oaks (Quercus engelmannii) need little to no pruning. Spring Pruning Common Name Scientific Name Blooming Season Pruning Baja Fairy Duster Pink Fairy Duster Calliandra californica C. erioplylla Spring to fall flowering. White sage growing in full sun – as preferred – maintains a. It is time for the plant to ready itself for winter. So I got online and found out that they are really bad back east. So, as you can imagine I’m more than a little excited that we’re about to change his (yes, I think of Sage as a boy…. I’ve covered a few more on my website, but for others, check O’Brien’s book. The amount and location of sprouting on stems determines. The sage is doing fine but it is a bit leggy, so I prune it to encourage a denser, tighter form. We have an old one, 20 feet by 20 feet. (Cleveland Sage or California Blue Sage) This drought-tolerant, evergreen, California native is a compact, aromatic shrub with electric blue-purple flowers that bloom in summer. Her website www.ifnaturecouldtalk.com is dedicated to speaking for the natural world. The other tip for pruning the purple spire variety in late summer to encourage new growth, I am just about to try. Continued pruning will cause damage, but an occasional plucking of a few leaves for Thanksgiving dinner is acceptable. Shears. Genus. The cuts heal slowly and are susceptible to apricot dieback fungus. Older plants can be pruned up or thinned to reveal branching patterns in late summer, but because exposing formerly shaded portions can lead to burning it’s better to do this slowly over years. One exception is white sage. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. (Cleveland Sage or California Blue Sage) A California native plant garden is not complete without a Cleveland Sage. It needs pruning or it just gets bigger and bigger; we prune it … We seem to have an overabundance of these non-native, ... (S. apiana), and Cleveland sage (S. clevelandii). After pruning, when the weather improves, the sage will get new sprouts and grow bushier. I think it's a Cleveland. • Other deciduous native trees such as desert willow, white alder, Chitalpa, California walnut, cottonwood, Mexican elderberry, willow: Prune in winter during dormancy. We seem to have an overabundance of these non-native, nuisance pests. Sku #7201. ): Pinch young, actively growing plants to shape a dense branching structure, necessary to support the flower stocks. My Mrs. Your posts are so informative. • Salvias (sages): Prune in late fall or early winter, before or as new growth begins. • Coast live oaks (Quercus agrifolia): Don’t overprune. Bottom: Cleveland sage flowers that were purple for most of the summer, then provided seed for birds and are ready for pruning. (This lovely plant is named after a women whose first name was spelled with two n’s, though it is often misspelled in the trade.) It’s doing fine in clay-loams and clays in Gardena and Carson gardens. Check for branches that look like they may split apart and cut them before calamity hits. For a list of culinary sage plants, see … By mixing these together a whole slew of cultivars come out with names like: Pozo Blue, Allen Chickering, Aromas, Celestial Blue, and Whirly Blue. If you prune later, you may remove developing flowers. Don’t leave stubs. Never cut large branches or trunks, “which undermines the structural integrity of the tree,” writes O’Brien. We’ve found it very helpful. Most are from the excellent book “Care and Maintenance of Southern California Native Plant Gardens” by Bart O’Brien, et al, along with some tips we’ve learned the hard way. However, pinch young plants to promote fuller, denser habit. Interested in introducing native plants to your garden? White sage before pruning and after. Young trees can benefit from pruning to establish good branching. This summer Winnie was allowed to stay dry until July before receiving a good soaking. Good luck with your sages. It should be pruned every year to encourage new growth. But many people don’t realize California natives have different planting and pruning requirements. It is hard to see how much I removed but it was a considerable amount. The optimal pruning time is winter before new growth starts. Attracts hummingbirds and bees, this drought resistant perennial is perfect for naturalizing large areas.