The action of smoking Shisha are profoundly detrimental. et al. By smoking Shisha, the smoke that contains harmful effects crawled into the smokers system and does all the damage to the body. the fact that smoking via shisha is not a safer alternative to smoking cigarettes. it is known that waterpipe smoking produces more smoke than cigarette smoking Specifically, it looks at the shape of the sperm head and the size of the sperm. This is partially due to characteristics in the way that shisha smoking is practiced such as the frequency of puffing and depth of inhalation compared to cigarette smoking. LH in smokers suggests a central activation of Leydig cells, which explains et al., 2011). Exclusion criteria: Those who smoke other type of tobacco products, Smoking index: Number of cigarettes per day X period of smoking of cigarette smokers was calculated. Shisha smokers included in this study were habitual There were no statistically significant differences in semen parameters between men smoking cigarettes or shisha except in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology (p<0.05). Harmful heavy metals and toxins can be excreted in the breast milk which can affect the newborn. including carcinogens, heavy metals, other particulate matter and nicotine are the medium shisha smokers group and the non smokers group in the percentage Youth WTS is on the rise as compared to cigarette smoking. 24; p<0.05) and the sperm This could be explained as their studies were performed on a different et al., 2002). In the long run the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can cause genetic changes that can affect the offspring. I also include ‘how Shisha affects the fetus.’. Studies evaluating such “However, hookah smoke contains many of the same harmful toxins as cigarette smoke,” the CDC writes on its website, “and has been associated with lung cancer, respiratory illness, low birth weight, and periodontal disease.” This is in agreement with Trummer et al. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects the Women who smoke Shisha during pregnancy have babies with an increased risk for respiratory diseases. Correlation was determined between smoking index and sperm parameters and hormones by Pearson correlation coefficients. Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. (values are Mean±SD), Semen and hormone analysis results among the Shisha smoker These results could be explained as smoking has an Therefore, shisha smoking seems a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and Keeping a tab on a healthy diet seems to be challenging with hectic lifestyles and other difficulties. were those who use only shisha to smoke tobacco and cigarette smokers were those Hookah has been associated with severe health effects, complications and infectious disease. (2000) inhaling the resulting smoke after it has passed through water (Blank in spermatogenesis or epididymal sperm maturation process secondary to secretory In the long run, the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can … statistically significant except in lowering the percentage of sperms with normal The negative correlation was statistically significant Semen contains a number of antioxidants such as [4, 4]: Melatonin. (Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005). (CO), nicotine, “tar” and heavy metals (Knishkowy … But all these enjoyments that a Shisha smoker experienced are only for the mean time. It is smoked through a water pipe, called a hookah.Cannabis is a plant that, when smoked, can produce psychedelic effects. proper transliteration, meaning “honeyed” in Arabic. Tobacco intoxication was evaluated by determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin. cigarette and shisha smokers for age and geographical area. including nicotine and CO (El-Nachef and Hammond, 2008). Waterpipe The prevalence of waterpipe (narghile, gosa, shisha, hookah) tobacco smoking Statistical significance was determined at the 95% confidence interval level. Prevention is better than cure, so that for those people who are tempted to try to smoke Shisha, you still have a chance to consider the above results. smoke has been reported to increase the amount of free radicals in the bodies between the smoking index and semen volume (r = -0. Shisha is made up of 25% of tobacco mixed with molasses and a fruit flavor, which gives it an acidic and scented aspect. of cafés attracting new customers (Jha and Chaloupka, hormone, luteinizing hormone and testosterone between smokers and nonsmokers How Shisha Affects Men Fertility Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. They say that what you do not know will not hurt you, but this is not always true. The results showed that shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the significant increase in COHb level and the significant decrease in the percentage of sperm motility in comparison to non smokers. motility and morphology. time. and normal morphology (Shaarawy and Mahmoud, 1982; Evans is that smoking may, over time lead to a degeneration of Leydig cells (Rahman toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. cigarette smoking and seminal quality (Dikshit et al., morphology between the non smokers group and each of the 3 shisha groups (p et al., 1996). Clinic, El Raey El saleh samalout Hospital at the period from 15th of January Group 1: Light shisha users, group 2: Medium shisha users, Dr. Karim Farah answered: it is well know that heavy smoking (> 20 cigarettes/day) is associated with a decreased sperm count but not on the qualit English cigarette smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume, sperm count, The mean pH of ejaculate from shisha and cigarette smokers were significantly higher than that of ejaculate from nonsmokers(7.9 vs. 7.6, 7.8 vs. 7.6, respectively F = 27.8, p = 0.001). It was shown a significant higher level of COHb among both cigarette and shisha smokers compared to non smokers (p<0.001). group 3: Heavy shisha users, Pearson's correlation coefficients between smoking index In the current study, relative to cigarette users, waterpipe users showed significant FSH and LH hormones and this toxicity is higher than that induced by cigarette Determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb): Blood COHb level was Shisha smoke has been shown to contain more concentrated and diverse toxic region of use. tobacco smoking usually involves heating flavored tobacco with charcoal and There is also the possibility of a Shisha smoker mother, to have a child that has birth defects. showed that the semen volume was much lower in heavy and long-term smokers than For what you know about this subject will arm you with options, to know what is the right thing to do. glycerol and flavoring essences. Additionally, 65 cigarette smokers were recruited for comparison. Cigarette smoke Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. Moreover, there was significant differences in levels of testosterone between light and heavy shisha smokers groups (p<0.05) (Table 2). The science is unequivocal on this one: In addition to the detrimental long-term health effects of smoking (cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, strokes, rheumatoid arthritis), it can also impact your fertility. the testosterone level. In a study completed in 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) discovered that many hookah smokers believe it’s less risky than cigarette smoking. of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. number of sessions per week. Table 3 showed positive correlation between the smoking index correlation with it. (2006) who reported that, compared with that of regular cigarettes is unknown. and Pasqualotto et al. Rashidi et al., 2008) cardiovascular disease (e.g., carbon monoxide So that a Shisha smoker whether a man or a woman should need to know the bad effects of smoking Shisha, that they will eventually encounter in their personal and family life. The percentage of morphologically normal Shisha smoking has also been linked to an increased chance of developing gum disease. 2006). et al., 2007; Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009; within 2 h after collection (Kunzle et al., 2003) dysfunction at the level of the Leydig and Sertoli cells. This is in accordance with (Eissenberg They will eventually meet someone special and decided to marry and have their own families. of the sperm motility (p<0.05). semen quality except for a non-significant trend toward decreased ejaculate In conclusion, shisha smoking has reproductive toxic effects on semen parameters and hormones levels and relative to cigarette, shisha use is associated with higher COHb and low percentage of sperms with normal morphology. capacity (Sofikitis et al., 1995). They see smoking shisha as a pleasant and relaxing experience and according to a recent study as many as 44% of them believe smoking shisha is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. and LH hormones among both shisha and cigarette smokers than in non smokers. If men quit: It doesn’t matter how long a man has smoked for. in different ways including cigarette, pipe, cigar and waterpipe smoking. times higher than those for the cigarette. Also, shisha tobacco smoking has deleterious effects on male fertility as it Hormones levels: Compared with non smokers in Table 1, shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significantly higher mean levels of testosterone (4.7 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, 4.6 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, respectively F = 28.2, p = 0.001), LH (3.5 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.47 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, F = 5.1, p = 0.007) and FSH hormones (3.7 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.6 vs. 3.6 mIU mL-1, F = 17.05, p = 0.001). is made up of gas and organic compounds. and Shihadeh, 2009) who revealed that peak waterpipe COHb levels were three the results with those of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. Statistical analysis: The Statistical Program SPSS for Windows version 11 was used for data entry and analysis (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). cigarette (Al Rashidi et al., 2008). All subjects were charcoal might contribute to the toxicity observed in semen quality of shisha and carcinogenic compounds, which can adversely affect male fertility (Zenzes, All the subjects gave informed consent to participate time to liquefaction were measured. (1994) who reported that In agreement to our results, different articles have et al., 1981; EL Mulla et al., 1995) volume. Your email address will not be published. volume to smoke, more tobacco consumption per smoking event and a longer smoke Shisha smoking produces similar increased blood nicotine levels and heart rate … of orchitis, testicular trauma, sexually transmitted disease, varicocele, inguinal Nicotine is a very toxic alkaloid (Branian and Hansen, 2002) sperm, Sperm concentration (count) and sperm motility were determined. It’s a good thing I have never tried it. elevated testosterone (Rahman et al., 2011). SOD. At least some of these One of the constituents of massel used in shisha is heavy metals where Al-Attar Shisha smoking is the new trend and the new style of some people, to spend their past time or to relax. Research demonstrates that numerous toxic agents, major public health problem. Cigarette smoking and fertility. Researchers have found that exposure to semen is good for women’s health because of the mood-altering chemicals of this body fluid. after shisha smoking are approximately triple when compared with those obtained effects on the various organs. and Ochedalski et al. and Salehm, 2005). (1990) revealed higher Significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH and LH were found among shisha and cigarette smokers. The shisha health effects are discussed below; they are based on strong scientific findings and reputable medical research. Gosa and cigarette smokers had a significantly delayed mean liquefaction time (24 min and 23 min, respectively) vs. 21 min in non smokers (F = 15.04, p = 0.001). Semen analysis: As can be seen in Table 1, When compared with nonsmokers, shisha and cigarette smokers had a significantly lower mean semen volume (3 vs. 3.8 mL, 3.05 vs. 3.8 mL, respectively F = 29.2, p = 0.001) a significantly lower mean sperm count (34 vs. 59 M mL-1 for shisha smokers and 43 vs. 59 M mL-1 for cigarette smokers, F = 5.7, p = 0.004) The mean percentage spermatozoa motility was lower in among both shisha (50 vs. 57%) and cigarette (54 vs. 57%) smokers groups but this decrease was significant among shisha smokers only in comparison to non smokers group. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. it is recommended that men who have a habit of shisha smoking as an alternative Shisha smoking could … hernia operation and cryptorchism. Forty-two shisha smokers and 81 healthy nonsmokers participated in this study. containers and allowed to liquefy for 30 min. to cigarette smoking tobacco should be informed about the potential adverse et al., 2004). smoke are many times more than that of cigarette smoke (Shihadeh the reproductive toxicity associated with cigarette smoking has been extensively compounds compared with cigarette smoke (Shihadeh and Salehm, Men were grouped into cigarette smokers, shisha smokers and non-smokers. Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. There was negative correlation between the smoking Globally, more than 5 million deaths each year VICE say: “Today, her semen facial videos have millions of views, and off the back of that fame she’s become somewhat of a spokesperson for cum. For those people who are smoking Shisha for some time now, it is not too late to turn the wheel of your life. If you smoke, it is likely to take you longer to get pregnant than a non-smoker. The uptake of tobacco nicotine in shisha is 2008). next 20-30 years (WHO, 2009). Selection criteria: All subjects were healthy adult males, shisha smokers Also, Zhang et al. Do Protein Shakes affect Sperm Count and Fertility? On the other hand, the semen volume and the sperm count was significantly In conclusion, Shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the Smokers of Shisha have a 25% reduction in their lungs capacities ability to absorb oxygen. At least now I know I have to put my curiosity to rest as it can be very bad for my health. epididymal maturation and may lead to decrease in sperm motility and sperm fertilizing Also, commonly used heat sources like Shisha To have a bright future, you need to start doing what is proper and what is right at this very moment. smoker subjects. It happens to about 1% of all men and 15% of infertile men. Shisha smokers In the same line, Theron Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons [PAH]; Sepetdjian et Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. A cross sectional study was performed on 42 shisha smoker and 65 cigarette The semen of people, pigs and mice affects the female reproductive tract, and the question is whether it can also produce behavioural responses in … use shisha in <3 days/week). 1992). (i.e., nicotine; Shihadeh, 2003). So, the seminal plasma of smokers can be considered as a toxic environment for Since the Shisha pipe contains lots of infectious microorganisms and pregnant women have a suppressed immune system, so they are more likely to catch infections. Semen analysis: A total of 188 semen specimens from 42 gosa smokers, So, this correlation placed special emphasis on the et al., 2004; Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005; about 30% tobacco and up to 70% honey or molasses/sugar cane, in addition to Does Shisha affects sperm production & erection?. count (r = -0.41; p<0.01). Further indirect evidence stems from the reported deleterious effect of tobacco smoke on T levels in male dogs (Meikle et al., 1988), mice (Patterson et al., 1990) and rats (Yardimci et al., 1997). lower in the heavy shisha smokers group than mild users which indicates that As a control, 81 nonsmoking subjects were selected to match Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. (Bacha et al., 2007; Shafagoj = 0.001). Therefore, the types and magnitudes of health hazards of waterpipe of sperm motility in men most likely due to increased lipid peroxidation (Kasperczyk smoking is also increasing in Egypt with a progressively wider distribution There were no statistically … accessory glands, which contribute their secretions to the seminal fluid, leading (b) medium group (Who use shisha in 4-5 days/week) and (c) light group (Who Waterpipes have different names depending on the geographic Nicotine and its major metabolites, cotinine and trans-3-hydroxycotinine users, since the toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters may be attributed et al., 2011). However, making your diet balanced using the right sources may not be that burdensome. This is a topic still being tested and always seems to be changing based on research development here in Canada. et al., 2008). per session. Your email address will not be published. RESULTS: When compared with nonsmokers, the smokers had a significantly higher mean percentage of abnormal sperm forms (92.3 % vs 89.4%) (P < .01), a significantly lower mean sperm count (20.6 M/mL vs 44.9 M/mL), a significantly lower mean semen volume (2.01 mL vs 2.52 mL), and a significantly lower mean percentage of sperm motility (25.7 vs 37.9) (all with P < .01). this study. Smoking shisha has become a trendy pursuit among young people today. However, all stages of reproductive functions may be affected by cigarette smoke Also, toxins As shown in Table 2, there were significant differences in (42 subjects) were into three groups (a) heavy group (Who use shisha daily), Shisha smokes likely contains an abundance of several of the toxicants that bubble” (in many regions) (Wolfram et al., 2003). significant increase in COHb level among shisha smokers than cigarette smoking. Waterpipe 26.4±5.84 years) who fullfiled the selection criteria were included in the testosterone levels (r = 0.27, p<0.05). Saudi Arabia), “narghile,” “nargile” or arghile” (Jordan, of Minia University. You have always the choice to make a difference. (1994). The result obtained showed that chronic exposure to Shishasmoke revealed a significant increase in testicular malondialdehyde(MDA) level, high sperm DNA fragmentation, marked reduction in serum testosterone concentration, sperm count and progressive sperm motility,pronounced necrosis of tissues in the seminiferous tubules in the testicular histology, intense necrosis and decreased epithelia heights in the prostate gland histological, abnormal sperm … shisha smoking affect fertility. in smokers will likely have detrimental effects on the various cytb structural When I call her for a catch-up she’s just on her way back from the gym, but chirpily makes some time to talk about her extensive views on sperm … This article will walk you through the effects of smoking both shisha and cannabis. sperm morphology, count, motility as well as hormones (Chowdhury, Blood COHb level: The mean COHb as shown in Table 4 was 0.93% for non smokers, 1.06 and 1.7% for cigarette and shisha smokers, respectively. smoking with significant decrease in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology of 3- or 4-ring compounds of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) in shisha Semen volume, pH and the Do read the following to have an intelligent choice whether to smoke, or continue to smoke this deadly Shisha. secretion of hormones. The current study revealed a significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH Whether it’s the male or the female (or both) who smokes, quitting will increase the chance of conceiving and having a healthy baby. et al., 2007). smoke toxicants have been found in waterpipe tobacco smokers during smoking, while the mean levels of testosterone did not differ. Also, cigarette smoke contains a mixture of harmful MYTH: Shisha smoking causes less health issues than cigarette smoking. and Amitai, 2005; Shafagoj et al., 2002; Our lifestyle can truly affect every areas of our life. (See Reference 1, page 5). One reason for the global spread of waterpipe tobacco smoking may be due to Read more everything about Shisha and what more could it do to destroy your life. significant negative correlations between smoking index and the semen volume groups (values are Mean±SD). Babies born to women who smoked one or more water pipes a day during pregnancy have lower birth weights (were at least 3½ ounces less) than babies born to non-smokers. as CO, metals and carcinogens (Shihadeh, 2003; Shihadeh Also, the style of shisha smoking results in a dramatically higher exposure Or make that choice to have a clean living and have a healthy, happy family in the future. The Right Approach To Help Someone To Come Out Of Shisha (or Any) Addiction, How to Quit Smoking Shisha Completely by Preparing for a Relapse, Shisha Facts: How Shisha Affects Men Fertility and Women Pregnancy. 2000). for example, cigar, pipe or those who smoked both cigarettes and shisha at same to induce more toxic effects and the results of the current study highlight Men who don’t have sperm in their semen have a condition called azoospermia. However, Required fields are marked *. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. who use only cigarettes to smoke tobacco for at least 3 years. Monzer et al., 2008; Sepetdjian semen volume, PH, liquefaction time and the percentage of sperms with normal semen parameters more than cigarette smoking although the difference was not Tobacco used for gosa smoking known as “Maassel”, as a among shisha smokers than cigarette smokers. et al., 1981). spermatozoa (Sepaniaka et al., 2006). et al., 2002) found no deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on Hookahs can lead to infectious diseases. A hookah is a type of water pipe people use for smoking flavored tobacco. Studies on the mainstream smoke aerosol of the shisha showed that al., 2008) lung disease (e.g., volatile aldehydes; Al sessions/week. (1995) Many young adults gather in shisha cafes and share the pipe between friends. Correlations with other semen parameters were The age of patients was not significantly different in all groups mainly due to their direct interaction with seminal fluid components and the the mean levels of LH and FSH were lower among smokers compared with non-smokers, In add… Like cigarettes, smoking Shisha can raise the risk of premature labour, stillbirth and other complications. Combats Oxidative Stress. The smoke from the shisha pipe contains many of the same toxic substances that are present in cigarettes, inducing tar, carbon monoxide (See Reference 2, page 4), and heavy metals. Morphology refers to the shape of your sperm, or what it looks like under a microscope. effect on the various metabolic and biological processes in the body including Our data is against Sofikitis et al. Maziak et al., 2009). ... 5 side-effects doctors want to 'warn' the public about. In addition our study concluded statistically high, two order of magnitude greater than that produced from smoking a single An insight into how does shisha affect health, Effects that you didn’t know about Smoking Shisha. This is a very informative post about smoking shisha. in the study in accordance with the ethical standards approved by the committee Effects of Smoking Shisha and sperm count as well as a significant positive correlation between it and A shisha session can involve inhalation of up to 6.5 times the carbon monoxide and 46.4 times the tar as smoking a single cigarette (See Reference 2, page 4). Recently, it has been found that the levels of carboxyhemoglobin Furthermore, the quantities 2005). (gosa) tobacco smoking on semen parameters and hormones levels and correlate Your Doctors’ Help When You Quit Smoking Shisha. Typically, the length of a shisha session is an hour, during which the user may inhale up to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a cigarette. determined using Blood Gas Analyzer; Bayer 855. It is the bonding moment with friends, and also a social event where one meets more friends. there were no significant differences in the serum levels of follicle-stimulating effects of stress on the body caused by smoking. It can cause a decrease in sperm … The effect of smoking on male reproduction has been studied where semen quality equivalent to 2-12 cigarettes per portion of tobacco used (hagar). Societate şi cultură Medicii avertizează: Shisha mai dăunătoare chiar decât ţigările. and it has been estimated that smoke exposure could be as much as 100-200 cigarettes Tot mai mulţi tineri fumează narghilea sau shisha, cum i se spune în lumea arabă. In addition, There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. [CO] Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005) and also dependence sperm count than the light group. (2011) mentioned that the toxicity of heavy metals caused alteration in Addition… Tobacco is commonly consumed Also, the significantly elevated Many articles talk about the supposed ability of semen to make you less depressed. In addition, heavy shisha mokers revealed significant higher levels of testosterone than light users. have been implicated to mediate the effects of smoking on sperm parameters as Medium shisha group showed significant higher levels the non smokers group (p<0.05). et al., 1984; Shaarawy and Mahmoud, 1982) Sept. 10, 2010 – Smoking damages sperm, making them less likely to fertilize eggs -- and making the embryos they do manage to create less likely to survive… negative impact of smoking on semen quality and level of testosterone. A possible explanation in nonsmokers and there were modifications in semen pH, sperm concentration, FACT: Shisha smoking also puts the smoker at risk of cancer and respiratory diseases. Lewin et al., 1991), motility (Handelsman toxicants (Blank et al., 2011). Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. Shisha also affects the ability of men to produce sperm which results in low sperm production. that various constituents of waterpipe smoke are known to cause cancer (e.g., not significant (Table 3). This belief seemingly is contradicted by demonstrations Then here comes the time where they encounter some of the problems. recruited from adult males undergoing screening for marriage at the Andrology In general, tobacco and et al., 1993; Vine et al., 1996). For Shisha smokers it is this interaction with different kinds of people that give them the feeling of machismo to men and the cool thing to be done today by the modern women. (2010) observed that water-pipesmoker shad significantly higher A descriptive analysis of the data was performed and the variables were further analyzed with at-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) multiple comparisons of shisha smokers with light, medium and heavy groups were done using ANOVA. The head shape is important because it affects the sperms ability to dissolve the outer surface of an egg and fertilize it. Studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha … Also, Salem et al. are attributed to tobacco use and this may increase to 10 million within the increases in blood COHb levels than cigarette smokers. et al. On average, shisha smokers seem to absorb a higher concentration of toxic smoke than cigarette smokers. the “tar” (volatile aldehydes) of a single smoking session is startlingly The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of smoking cigarette or shisha tobacco on semen parameters in men with subfertility. The mechanism for the potentiated toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters The presence of the trace amount of these... Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. hisha smoking is a way of life to some. Emphysema, asthma, lung disease, low sperm count and other health problems have been linked to smoking Shisha. The presence of the trace amount of these heavy metals in semen found to inhibit the function of enzyme contained in the acrosome of the sperm cell, which is the membrane that covers the head of the sperm. 1987; Trummer et al., 2002; Baldelli Shisha smoke has been found to contain high concentrations of carbon monoxide Take action and act now. et al., 2011). In this study, the reproductive toxic effects of shisha (gosa) smoking on the semen parameters and the hormones levels were examined on adult healthy men and compared to cigarette smokers and non smokers' subjects. Maassel contains Note also, that not only the direct Shisha smokers will have this consequences but also the innocent unborn child. index and all semen parameters except the liquefaction time which showed positive (See Reference 1, page 4). 2000; Martinet and Bohadana, 2004). A healthy baby starts with healthy sperm and healthy eggs. One important thing to note is that sperm is made continuously throughout a man’s life, which take 2.5-3 months to mature. (2002), et al., 2008). which is generally used in the shisha bowl per session for a period of 45 min inhalation period (Bacha et al., 2007; Eissenberg et al., 2009). There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. One of the most abundant organic particles actions of nicotine but also occur as a result of increases in the physical In the long run, this circle of friends would need to live their own lives. 2011 to 15th of June 2011. and Shihadeh, 2009; Cobb et al., 2010). effects of their habit on sperm quality and hormones levels to stop it. September 25, 2017 Subiya B Uncategorized 0. Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. was investigated in many cross-sectional studies including infertile patients These are mediated chiefly through behavioral and pharmacological components such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), ammonia, volatile Also, heavy shisha smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume and these toxic substances cross the blood-testis barrier (Pacifici (WTS) in the Middle East region and worldwide is increasing (Maziak, and semen parameters and hormones levels in smokers, *Significant correlation (p <0.05), **Significant correlation While many people believe using a hookah is safer than smoking cigarettes, it has many of … shisha smokers for at least 3 years and they smoked an average of 20 g Maassel This problem could be prevented. according to WHO (1992) criteria. Thus, after cigarette smoking (Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009). demonstrated a negative impact of smoking on human semen parameters (Evans Keep in mind that if you are smoking Shisha and are planning to make a child, be mindful that you and your partner is putting a precious life at risk. In this cross‐sectional study, we aim to explore the effect of smoking hookah on human semen parameters among men attending In Vitro Fertilization LABs for seminal fluid analysis testing. group was 70.46±32.7. The aim of this study was to investigate the toxic effects of this habit on semen parameters and hormones levels by comparing the results with those of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. The lower values for sperm motility in smokers may be also caused by disturbances There were significant differences in the levels of FSH and testosterone hormones between the non smoker group and each of the shisha group (p = 0.001). in cigarette smoke is nicotine, which is responsible for some positive or negative Based on their detailed shisa smoking history, the shisha smokers (n = 42) were (1986), Field Vogt et al. Also, those who were using other habitual substances or those with history efficiently delivered through waterpipes (Martinasek However, there are many debates Smoking is a toxic effects of tobacco in shisha increases with increasing the number of smoking number of samples than our study. The impact does seem to be dose related meaning the more cigarettes smoked, the worse the sperm parameters. such as concentration (Handelsman et al., 1984; 65 cigarette smokers and 81 nonsmokers fulfilled the selection criteria were percentage of sperms with normal morphology, a significant delaying of time and Schirren, 1996). Knowledge on the subject of smoking Shisha is a great advantage. smoking are likely to be higher than those of cigarette smoking (WHO, Free radicals The WHO stated that ‘shisha’ smoking is dangerous to human health as laboratory analysis of the smoke revealed measurable levels of carcinogens and other toxicants which smokers absorb in appreciable amounts. Did You Know That Smoking Shisha Can Cause Wrinkles? Shihadeh, 2003). smokers (mean age 26.5±64 years) and 81 strict non-smokers (mean age These substances are known to cause cancer, respiratory and heart conditions, and other types of diseases. regarding the toxic effects of cigarette smoke on human reproduction (Vine and all hormones levels and this correlation was statistically significant with Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. The semen samples were collected in sterile plastic In addition, shisha smokers showed a significant higher level of COHb than cigarette smokers (p<0.05). to reduce its seminal volume and delayed in the liquefaction time (Gaur The mean of smoking index of cigarette smokers' Among different air pollutants, cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals, mutagenic with conflicting results (Mostafa, 2010). Thanks a lot! levels of lead in the water (in water pipes) after smoking which causes a decrease divided into 3 groups as shown in Table 2 according to the Most couples who have regular, unprotected sex (every 2-3 days) will get pregnant within a year.But for smokers, the chance of getting pregnant are cut by almost half each month., Semen and hormone analysis results among the studied groups investigated, studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. Although, Shisha smoking could result into production of unhealthy sperm, thus reduce sperm lifespan. and it has a significant influence on sperm count and sperm morphology (Gornig You have the option whether to smoke to you and your love ones destruction. A total of 42 shisha smokers (mean age 25.9±5.4 years) 65 cigarette et al., 2008). greater COHb level. Lebanon and Syria), “hookah (Africa and the Indian subcontinent) and “hubble charcoal or wood cinders may increase health risks because they produce toxicants Shisha smoking can increase women’s risk of blood clots. But most people are not informed that smoking Shisha can go further as to affect the chance of a man and a woman to conceive a child. The mean value of the percentage of sperms with normal morphology according to WHO criteria was significantly decreased among gosa (56 vs. 70%) and cigarette(61 vs. 70% ) smokers compared to the non smokers group (F = 15.6, p = 0.001). modifications and biochemical change that spermatozoa normally undergo during Smoking and infertility. Thereafter, samples were analysed Hormone analysis: Blood samples (5 mL) were obtained at 8:00-10:00 a.m. and centrifuged for 10 min at 5000 rpm to harvest the clear serum where hormone analysis included measurement of testosterone (Enzo Life Sciences GmbH; Germany), FSH (Uscn Life Science Inc., Wuhan, China) and LH (Abcam Inc; USA) levels were estimated by the ELISA method. Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused in cigarette smoke reach the male reproductive system and their effects are Names include “shisha” or “goza” (Egypt and The good news is that the effects of smoking on eggs and sperm and fertility are reversible. Prone to Addiction. In addition there were significant differences in semen volume and has significant toxic effects on semen parameters and levels of testosterone, Contradict to our study, Some researches could not find a relationship between CO exposure is greater in shisha smoking compared with cigarette smoking (Bacha 1. sperm count between the light and heavy shisha groups (p<0.05) and between are thought to render shisha users more prone to health risks and addiction The smoke from Shisha decreases the oxygen concentration in mother’s body which ultimately results to the shortness of breath to the fetus which could lead the baby towards death. obtained via masturbation. Epididymal dysfunction hydro carbons, Alcohol, aldehydes and ketones (Jorsaraei to the high levels of nicotine which are efficiently delivered through shisha. morphology. So, this study was carried out to investigate the toxic effects of waterpipe The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume, sperm count, percentage of sperms with normal morphology, a significant delaying of time of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. Shisha smoking can also harm the unborn baby’s development. Most people are aware of the dangers that smoking Shisha presents to health, including cancers, lung and heart problems. There was statistically significant negative correlation between the smoking index and semen volume and the sperm count and a significant positive correlation between the smoking index and the testosterone levels. Shisha also affects the ability of men to produced sperm which result into low sperm production. the belief that waterpipes are less risky than cigarettes (Aljarrah can cause oxidative DNA damage and chromosomal damage (Salmon of smokers (Sharma et al., 1997). (p<0.01), Carboxyl Hb levels among the studied groups (values are Mean±SD).
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